The loss comes in the same week that Johnson’s own MPs openly defied him by voting against new Covid measures in parliament. Some 99 Conservatives defied the PM.
Paterson had been founding guilty of breaching lobbying rules, personally contacting government ministers on behalf of companies that paid him an amount that totaled £100,000 ($136,000).
After days of fury from people all over the political divide, Paterson resigned his North Shropshire seat. Between Paterson’s resignation and Thursday’s by-election, Johnson has been drowning in scandals that have wrecked his poll numbers and posed serious questions about his leadership.
Prior to that, he had been dogged by accusations that he accepted improper donations to fund a renovation, while his government has been accused of handing lucrative Covid contracts to people with links to the Conservative party. Johnson’s spokesman has insisted he has “acted in accordance with the rules at all times.”
Suffice to say, all of this is a stark turnaround for a man who won a landslide election just two years ago. And it’s no surprise that figures within the party are now talking seriously about removing Johnson from power.
The Conservative Party was never in love with Johnson as such. He took over as leader of the party and the country because his predecessor, Theresa May, had run out of road and couldn’t deliver Brexit.
Conservative MPs had resisted a Johnson leadership campaign in the past. He was seen as a showman and a fantastic cheerleader, but fundamentally too chaotic and untrustworthy to lead.
Brexit changed everything. In 2019, Conservative MPs held their noses and did a deal with Johnson: Get Brexit over the line and win us an election. Johnson did both things and consequently was given the keys to the car, and allowed to drive it however he liked.
That was all well and good while he looked bulletproof. But Conservatives are now worried the PM is so weighed down with scandals and sleaze, he has passed a point of no return. They also fear that 2022 will be harder than 2021.
“He goes into the new year with problems piling up. The cost of living will rise, there might be supply chain shortages. And he’s facing all these problems with no ideological base or friends in the party,” says a former senior cabinet minister.
“He has a finite window to improve — but few believe he will seize it,” says a senior MP.
If Johnson’s number really is up, removing him from office will be extremely painful and difficult to negotiate. Calling a vote in his leadership now will be very hard. As the former cabinet minister pointed out, “local associations tend to be loyal to leaders,” which will make it hard for their MPs to call for Johnson’s head.
A botched leadership challenge would mean Johnson is immune from another challenge for 12 months — and it seems most unlikely he would resign in that time.
The second, arguably more important issue, is who might replace him? There are other popular cabinet ministers who clearly have leadership ambitions. But given how difficult 2022 looks, who on earth would want to take the poisoned chalice?
However, the longer he remains in office, the more likely it is he stays for the next scheduled election in 2024. If recent polls are to be believed, that election could see the Conservatives lose a lot of seats.
The past two weeks might be an indication that the magic has started to wear off. And if that’s the case, Conservatives will have to find some way of silencing their head cheerleader who has suddenly become the least popular kid in class.
Analysis: Boris Johnson was once a political magician. Now his party fears he’s run out of tricks