While the PM hailed the end of restrictions, he and other UK officials made clear that the pandemic is not over.
“Today is not the day we can declare victory over Covid, because this virus is not going away. But it is the day when all the efforts of the last two years finally enabled us to protect ourselves while restoring our liberties in full,” Johnson said later on Monday, adding that the day marked a “moment of pride for our nation and a source of hope for all that we can achieve in the years to come.”
Johnson opened his earlier statement by wishing the Queen a speedy recovery from Covid-19. He said it was “a reminder that this virus has not gone away,” but said it was time to “move from government restrictions to personal responsibility.”
The 95-year-old sovereign — who is celebrating her 70th year on the throne — is experiencing mild cold-like symptoms but expects to continue light duties at Windsor over the coming week, Buckingham Palace announced on Sunday.
Restrictions to be phased out
The end of restrictions in England will happen in phases, and is subject to approval in parliament.
The legal requirement to self-isolate after testing positive for Covid-19 will end on February 24, though government advice that people should isolate following a positive test will stand.
Vaccinated contacts of those who have tested positive will no longer be required to test for seven days and unvaccinated contacts will not be legally required to isolate. Workers will also no longer be required to tell their employers if they have tested positive.
People who have come into contact with someone who has tested positive will no longer be traced.
As a result of the changes, the government will remove some of the financial support which has been on offer for those who are unable to work from home if they test positive from March 24.
And as of April 1, the government will no longer provide free rapid tests for the public, though they did not say how much a packet of seven tests would cost.
From this point, testing will be far more targeted — in environments such as hospitals, care homes and other settings where vulnerable people may come into contact with the virus.
Johnson also said that at this point, the government would no longer require people to carry Covid status certification domestically in England. Many lawmakers from the PM’s Conservative party had been deeply uncomfortable with the idea of vaccine passports.
Vaccinations, antiviral treatments
The government made clear on Monday that there is no scientific evidence that Covid-19 has gone from being a pandemic to endemic, nor that any new mutations will be less severe. Therefore certain protection measures will remain in place.
“It is only because levels of immunity are so high and deaths are now, if anything, below where you would normally expect for this time of year that we can lift these restrictions,” Johnson said.
“And it is only because we know Omicron is less severe, that testing for Omicron on the colossal scale we have been doing is now much less valuable in preventing serious illness,” he added.
Central government will continue a domestic surveillance system that tracks the spread of the virus and sequencing that might catch any new variants. The infection survey carried out by the Office For National Statistics will continue.
Laboratory infrastructure developed during the pandemic for testing and monitoring new variants will remain in place should the virus spread once again, and rapid lateral flow tests will also be stockpiled.
The government will continue its vaccination program and will update its advice on vaccinations should scientific evidence suggest it would be effective in the future.
Government bodies will continue to procure antiviral treatments to help protect vulnerable Covid-19 patients.
Boris Johnson announces the end of Covid restrictions in England